SSUSH24e

Explain the importance of Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring and the resulting developments; include Earth Day, the Creation of the EPA and modern day environmental policy 

Rachel Carson –  who was she, what was her book, Silent Spring about, how did it prompt legislative action – explain Earth Day

Rachel Carson was a marine biologist, environmentalist and writer who alerted the world to the environmental impact of fertilizers and pesticides. Her best known book was called Silent Spring. This book led to a presidential commission that largely endorsed her findings and helped to shape a growing environmental consciousness. Earth Day was created in 1970 after Carson’s book alerted the public. The idea of earth day was to focus on the environment on a national day.

NEPA – what was NEPA, what does the EPA set out to do

The NEPA stood for the National Environmental Policy Act. NEPA requires federal agencies to assess the environmental effects of their proposed actions prior to making decisions. The range of actions covered by NEPA is broad and includes: making decisions on permit applications, adopting federal land management actions, and constructing highways and other publicly-owned facilities.

Major environmental policies that EPA is in charge of now

It includes the following actions:  making decisions on permit applications, adopting federal land management actions, and constructing highways and other publicly-owned facilities.

University of west georgia (1)

Reflection

I am a huge supporter of all things that are good for the environment. I loved learning about Rachel Carson and how she sought to protect our environment. Today, it is important that we don’t forget the information that she passed on to us. We all too often neglect the environment when we should value the land that we live on.

Resources

https://www.epa.gov/laws-regulations

http://www.biography.com/people/rachel-carson-9239741

 

SSUSH23c

Explain Lyndon B. Johnson’s Great Society; include the establishment of Medicare

What was the “Great Society” – Domestic  policies created and passed to make his “Great Society” possible

Johnson declared a “war on poverty.” He challenged Americans to build a “Great Society” that eliminated the troubles of the poor.

Here is a list of Johnson’s plans that made his Great Society possible:

  • The Elementary and Secondary Education Act provided major funding for American public schools.
  • The Voting Rights Act banned literacy tests and other discriminatory methods of denying suffrage to African Americans.
  • Medicare was created to offset the costs of health care for the nation’s elderly.
  • The National Endowment for the Arts and Humanities used public money to fund artists and galleries.
  • The Immigration Act ended discriminatory quotas based on ethnic origin.
  • An Omnibus Housing Act provided funds to construct low-income housing.
  • Congress tightened pollution controls with stronger Air and Water Quality Acts.
  • Standards were raised for safety in consumer products.

What is Medicare how is it funded, who does it take care of

In 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed off on Medicare. Medicare is a health insurance program for elderly Americans. Medicare is funded entirely by the federal government and paid for in part through payroll taxes.

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Reflection

I never learned much about Lyndon B. Johnson up until this point. Never did I realize how much he did during his presidency. During his presidency, he signed the Medicare act. This is something that affects Americans to this day and is still a hot topic in Congress. His idea of a Great Society is something that will stick with me along with the things he did to help Americans

Resources

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/johnson-signs-medicare-into-law

http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/lyndonbjohnson