SSUSH22e

Describe the causes and consequences of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights act of 1965

Civil Rights act of 1964 – which president signed this, what were the provisions of the act, how did this help Civil Rights (discrimination based on race and even gender)  from this point forward

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination of race, color, religion, sex or national origin. The act was first proposed by John F. Kennedy. The act was signed after JFK’s presidency by Lyndon B. Johnson. This helped Civil Rights from this point forward because in the following years this act was able to expand and the additional legislation aimed at bringing equality to African Americans.

24th Amendment – what did the amendment stipulate, how did this help those with limited voting rights

In 1962, the House passed the 24th amendment, outlawing the poll tax as a voting requirement in federal elections. Before, limited voting rights affected African Americans and the poll tax purposely restricted them from voting. With this amendment, poll taxes were eliminated which allowed African Americans a chance to vote in federal elections.

Voting Rights Act of 1965 – What were the provisions of the law, what ways did States try to go around this

The amendment banned the use of literacy tests, provided for federal oversight of voter registration in areas where less than 50 percent of the nonwhite population had not registered to vote, and authorized the U.S. attorney general to investigate the use of poll taxes in state and local elections. However, state and local enforcement of the law was weak and it was often ignored. This weak enforcement happened mainly in the South and in areas where the proportion of blacks in the population was high and their vote threatened the political status quo. 24

Reflection

With the 24th amendment, poll taxes were eliminated and this information is the most important information I learned and it will stick with me. This amendment made a lasting impact to our constitution and the way federal elections work from here on out.

Resources

http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/civil-rights-act

http://history.house.gov/HistoricalHighlight/Detail/37045

http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/voting-rights-act

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